Pallet Terminology for Ordering

AMC Consolidated

When ordering pallets there are many items that must be considered. Understanding the terms will assist with providing you with the exact pallet and requirements needed for your product shipping and moving needs.  This list will provide you with many terms to assist with your pallet ordering process.


Terms Definition
Annular Nail Pallet nail with annular (circular ring) threads rolled onto the shank
Banding notch Bottom Inner Lead Board
Bin Four-sided superstructure to be mounted on a pallet base, with or without a cover
Block Rectangular, square or cylindrical deck spacer
Block Pallet Pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck
Bottom Deck Deckboards Assembly comprising of the lower, load bearing surface of the pallet
Buttered Deckboard Inner deckboard placed tightly against an adjacent lead deckboard during pallet assembly
Captive Pallet Not intended for exchange or trade. Use within a single facility.
Chamfer Cut made in wood at a 45° angle
Chamfered deckboards Deckboards with edges of one or two beveled faces, either along the full length of board or between the stringers blocks, allowing entry of pallet jack wheels
Closed distribution system Shipping system restrictive of movement goods between specific plants and facilities
Collar Wooden container that transforming a pallet into a box
Cost-per-trip Cost for one way single trip for pallet
Custom Pallet A Pallet built to specific design requirements
Deck Matt Forming deck portion of pallet. Consists of assembly of deckboards and stringerboards.
Deckboard Component of a pallet deck, perpendicular to the stringer or board
Deckboard spacing Distant between deckboards that are adjacent to the deckboard
Deckboard span Distant between supports of deckboard
Deflection A pallets bending or deformation in a pallet.
Double-face pallet Top and bottom decks pallet.
Double-wing pallet Top and bottom decks extending passed the edges of the stinger or boards.
Drive screw nail Threaded pallet nail that continuously spirals.
Fastener Joining pallet components nails, staples, bolts etc.
Flush pallet Deckboards that is flush with stinger or boards.
Fork entry Deck opening between the top deck or underneath stinger board.
Free span Space between supports in the warehouse rack.
Hand (wheel) jack opening Space on bottom deck to allow pallet jack wheels to bear on the floor
Handling Pick up, movement, and setting down of loaded or empty pallet.
Hardened-steel nail Nail that is heat-treated and tempered steele.
Hardwood  Hardwoods provide reuse. The can be returned to the pallet company or resold as used pallets
Heat Treatment Pallets are ISPM 15 treated for international treatment
Helical nail Threaded pallet nail that continuously spirals.
Inner deckboard Deckboard located between the end deckboards
International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) Directly addresses the need to treat wood materials of a thickness greater than 6mm, used to ship products between countries
Joint Location where connection and intersection of components. They are called center joint, end joint, and corner joint.
Lead boards
Length The stinger/stingerboard length
Life to first repair
Line load Weight unit load concentrates along the narrow area across the full length or width of the pallet
Load bearing surface Pallet area that actually comes in contact with and supports the product.
Non-reversible pallet Top and bottom deckboards are different.
Notch Area that is cutout in the lower portion where the fork lift enters the pallet.
Notched stringer Stinger and two notches spaced for the forklift to enter pallet.
Overhang Distance deck extends from outer edge of the stringer or board, wing, lip, or distance the unit load extends beyond the deck.
Pallet Portable, horizontal, rigid platform set as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling and transporting products as a unit load.
Pallet Design System (PDS) Computer-aided design program determining the safe load capacity, performance, life and economy of wood pallets.
Pallet jack Propelled by hand wheeled platform, lifting device equipped for moving palletized loads
Pallet life The time period that a pallet is usable for lifting and moving.
Pallet-dimensions 48″ x 40″ pallet that has a 48″ stringer or stringerboard and 40″ deckboards
Panel deck pallet Composite or structural panel top deck of constructed pallet.
Partial four-way stringer pallet Notched stinger pallets.
Post pallet Fitted pallet with posts or blocks between the deck or underneath top deck.
Racked across deckboards Deflection of pallet where rack frame supports only at the ends of the deckboards
Racked across stringers Deflection of pallet where rack frame supports only at the ends of the stringers or boards
Recycled Pallets A pallet that is reused, or salvaged, repaired.
Rental pallet Pallet that is owned by a third party not the actual owner of the pallet.
Repair Repair pallet for use again.
Returnable/reusable pallet Pallet used for more than one use.
Reversible pallet The top and the bottom of pallet are identical.
Shipping pallet This pallet is used for one shipment.
Shook Pallet parts cut to size that can be assembled into a pallet.
Shook grade Quality of pallet parts relating to the performance of the pallet based on size and defects.
Single-wing pallet Pallet with the top deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or boards and bottom deckboards flush.
Skid No bottom deck on pallet.
Slave pallet Pallet, platform or single, thick panel used as a support base for a palletized load in rack-storage facilities or production systems
Soft nail Pallet nail with an angle equal to or greater than 47 degrees
Softwood One-time use and often trashed after the first trip. Made from coniferous or needle-bearing trees
Solid deck pallet No spacing between deckboards
Span Distant between stinger or block.
Stevedore pallet Seaport shipping pallet, heavy duty, or double wing construction.
Stiff-stock steel nail Nail made of medium-high carbon steel no heat treatment angle between 29 and 46 degrees
Strap slot Recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer. Allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding.
Stringer Continuous, longitudinal, solid or notched beam-component of the pallet used to support deck components. Outside or center. stringer
Stringer board Block pallets, continuous, solid board member extending for the full length of the pallet perpendicular to deckboard members and placed between deckboards and blocks
Take-it-or-leave-it pallet Pallet fitted with fixed cleats on the top deckboards to permit fork truck tines to pass beneath the unit load and remove it from the pallet
Top cap Panel placed on top of a unit load to allow for tight strapping not damaging the product.
Top-deck of the pallet Deckboard assembly with an upper load carrying surface pallet
Trip Handling of a pallet.
Two-way entry pallet Unnotched solid stingers allowing only one end entry from the ends
Unit load Product or assembled goods on a pallet for moving, storage, and stacking.
Warehouse pallet Multiple trip pallets for warehouse use.
Wing Deckboard end overhang from outside edge of stringer or board

AMC Consolidated provides onsite heat-treating pallets for international shipments, Peco Pallets, purchase older pallets, and pallet production. We have the knowledge and expertise to meet your product shipping needs. We can assist with your questions regarding your pallet. Please contact us for your order today.

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