Pallets

AMC Consolidated first product was pallets. These slabs that carry products are produced in the industrial area of Phoenix Arizona, but our product can be shipped internationally. We produce pallets that meet our customers’ high standards and shipment regulations.

Pallets have played a vital role in shipment of products since the early 1920s. This development changed the way products were shipped from production to consumer. Wood pallets provide a smooth surface, even weight distribution, and vertical stacking reducing transportation costs and storage. The greatest advantage was the time to load and unload product in regards to shipping. Creating pallets has specific regulations, needs, and purposes.

Producing pallets requires an understanding of what is the purpose of pallets and where they are going to be shipped. There are several types of pallets produced:

  • Stinger Pallet: A frame of three or four parallel pieces of timber
  • Block Pallet: Utilize both parallel and perpendicular stringers

Pallets can be manufactured under the following names and products:

  • New Pallet: Made from new green lumber
  • Reclaimed Pallet: produced from reclaimed lumber
  • Recycled Pallet: Recondition (used, refurbished) re-manufactured (made from reclaimed lumber), hybrid (combination of new and reclaimed lumber)
  • Grocery Manufactured Pallet: most common type of recycled pallet measuring 48”
  • Soft Wood: this is the cheapest product, but it is usually good for one use and only lift able by the forklift on two sides.
  • Hardwood: This is a more durable and can carry various weights that can be noted by color-coding the pallets.

Construction wood pallets can depend on the use of the pallet:

  • General
  • FDA
  • Storage
  • Chemical
  • Export; the expected load weight
  • Type of wood desired:
    • Recycled
    • Hard
    • Soft
    • Kiln dried
    •  Combo (new & recycle);
  • Type of fasteners to hold the pallet together
    • Staples
    • Nails

Types of wood used to create pallets vary in regions in the United States. Northern regions contain the least amount of wood and are mostly hardwood lumber. Southern and Western regions pallets are made mainly from softwoods. Western pallets use the most wood in production.

The reasons for the differences in regions are:

  • Wood available in the region
  • Industries needing shipment
  • Distance that products are being shipped

AMC Consolidated currently uses KD-HT green Douglas fir, SPF-spruce pine fir, and some hardwoods. This provides a strong pallet that can meet your shipping needs and regulations.

Pallets need to be maintained and follow regulations set by: The following organization requires heat-treating and kilning dry pallets, European Union (EU), American Lumber Standard Committee (ALSC), and National Hardwood Lumber Association (NHLA).

Treating the wood pallets or skids eliminates the following insects and pest groups:

  • Anobiidae
  • Bostrichidae
  • Buprestidae
  • Cerambycidae
  • Curculionidae
  • Isoptera
  • Lyctidae
  • Oedemeridae
  • Scolytidae
  • Siricidae
  • Bursaphelenchus Xylophilus

When purchasing or receiving your pallets internationally look for the stamp that ensures your pallets meet the ISMP 15 requirements for treating pests and any certifications from organizations like, ALSC to ensure you are meeting all standards. To keep costs low and ensure pallets are meeting standards ask the pallet company if they are treating their pallets on site.

Here a few items you need to consider when placing a pallet order.

  • Pallet delivery address.
  • How will the pallets be unloaded: Dock or Ground (Flatbed or Van Trailer)
  • What is the minimum quantity per order for this size pallet?
  • How often is this quantity ordered?
  • Pallet type requested: NewRecycled Or Either
  • Approximate Maximum Total Weight to be placed on pallet.
  • If you have a special service request: export or pallet disposal needs.
  • AMC has the capabilities to heat treat and kiln dry pallets, processes necessary to prepare pallets for international use.
  • Kiln drying and heat-treating are the most environmentally safe methods used in the treatment of wood pallets.

If you do not know your exact pallet specs answer these questions:

If you do know your pallet specifications, these questions may be optional

  • Pallet Jackable: Yes or No
  • Minimum Thickness of Deckboards.
  • Maximum Spacing Between Top Deckboards.
  • If 48″ by 40″ Reconditioned 4-way, Specify Grade: (1 or A, 2 or B, 3 or C)
  • Will Pallet be used in Racking System? Yes or No
  • Describe Products to be placed on Pallets.
  • Will Pallets Containing Product be Double or Triple Stacked? Yes or No

AMC Consolidated creates, heat treats, repairs, and buys used pallets. We are knowledge and experienced. Please contact us or call 602-233-9800 for further assistance.

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Types of Wood Used For Pallet Creation

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When creating pallets the type and quality of wood are specific to accomplish the best results for intended use. When considering wood types for pallets the considerations are strength, durability, and recycling.

Types of wood used to create pallets vary in regions in the United States. Northern regions contain the least amount of wood and are mostly hardwood lumber. Southern and Western regions pallets are made mainly from softwoods. Western pallets use the most wood in production.

The reasons for the differences in regions are:

  • Wood available in the region
  • Industries needing shipment
  • Distance that products are being shipped

Wood pallets are produced to be expendable or reusable. Expendable pallets are limited use pallets and not expected to be reused again. Reusable pallets are built strong and durable wood.

Softwood use is a one-time use and often trashed after the first trip. This does not allow for pallet reuse. This wood requires lifting from both sides. Hardwoods provide reuse. The can be returned to the pallet company or resold as used pallets. They provide lifting from all four sides. The pallets usually provide a code for the types of loads they can carry.

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Wood pallets can carry the following products:

  • General
  • FDA
  • Storage
  • Chemical
  • Export if heat-treated

Wood For Pallets

AMC Consolidated currently uses KD-HT green Douglas fir, SPF-spruce pine fir, and some hardwoods. We have the expertise to meet your product shipping needs and understanding of pallet production. We can assist with your questions regarding your pallet order. Contact us today with your pallet ordering needs locally, regionally, nationally, and internationally.

Pallet Terminology for Ordering

AMC Consolidated

When ordering pallets there are many items that must be considered. Understanding the terms will assist with providing you with the exact pallet and requirements needed for your product shipping and moving needs.  This list will provide you with many terms to assist with your pallet ordering process.

 

Terms Definition
Annular Nail Pallet nail with annular (circular ring) threads rolled onto the shank
Banding notch Bottom Inner Lead Board
Bin Four-sided superstructure to be mounted on a pallet base, with or without a cover
Block Rectangular, square or cylindrical deck spacer
Block Pallet Pallet with blocks between the pallet decks or beneath the top deck
Bottom Deck Deckboards Assembly comprising of the lower, load bearing surface of the pallet
Buttered Deckboard Inner deckboard placed tightly against an adjacent lead deckboard during pallet assembly
Captive Pallet Not intended for exchange or trade. Use within a single facility.
Chamfer Cut made in wood at a 45° angle
Chamfered deckboards Deckboards with edges of one or two beveled faces, either along the full length of board or between the stringers blocks, allowing entry of pallet jack wheels
Closed distribution system Shipping system restrictive of movement goods between specific plants and facilities
Collar Wooden container that transforming a pallet into a box
Cost-per-trip Cost for one way single trip for pallet
Custom Pallet A Pallet built to specific design requirements
Deck Matt Forming deck portion of pallet. Consists of assembly of deckboards and stringerboards.
Deckboard Component of a pallet deck, perpendicular to the stringer or board
Deckboard spacing Distant between deckboards that are adjacent to the deckboard
Deckboard span Distant between supports of deckboard
Deflection A pallets bending or deformation in a pallet.
Double-face pallet Top and bottom decks pallet.
Double-wing pallet Top and bottom decks extending passed the edges of the stinger or boards.
Drive screw nail Threaded pallet nail that continuously spirals.
Fastener Joining pallet components nails, staples, bolts etc.
Flush pallet Deckboards that is flush with stinger or boards.
Fork entry Deck opening between the top deck or underneath stinger board.
Free span Space between supports in the warehouse rack.
Hand (wheel) jack opening Space on bottom deck to allow pallet jack wheels to bear on the floor
Handling Pick up, movement, and setting down of loaded or empty pallet.
Hardened-steel nail Nail that is heat-treated and tempered steele.
Hardwood  Hardwoods provide reuse. The can be returned to the pallet company or resold as used pallets
Heat Treatment Pallets are ISPM 15 treated for international treatment
Helical nail Threaded pallet nail that continuously spirals.
Inner deckboard Deckboard located between the end deckboards
International Standards For Phytosanitary Measures (ISPM) Directly addresses the need to treat wood materials of a thickness greater than 6mm, used to ship products between countries
Joint Location where connection and intersection of components. They are called center joint, end joint, and corner joint.
Lead boards
Length The stinger/stingerboard length
Life to first repair
Line load Weight unit load concentrates along the narrow area across the full length or width of the pallet
Load bearing surface Pallet area that actually comes in contact with and supports the product.
Non-reversible pallet Top and bottom deckboards are different.
Notch Area that is cutout in the lower portion where the fork lift enters the pallet.
Notched stringer Stinger and two notches spaced for the forklift to enter pallet.
Overhang Distance deck extends from outer edge of the stringer or board, wing, lip, or distance the unit load extends beyond the deck.
Pallet Portable, horizontal, rigid platform set as a base for assembling, storing, stacking, handling and transporting products as a unit load.
Pallet Design System (PDS) Computer-aided design program determining the safe load capacity, performance, life and economy of wood pallets.
Pallet jack Propelled by hand wheeled platform, lifting device equipped for moving palletized loads
Pallet life The time period that a pallet is usable for lifting and moving.
Pallet-dimensions 48″ x 40″ pallet that has a 48″ stringer or stringerboard and 40″ deckboards
Panel deck pallet Composite or structural panel top deck of constructed pallet.
Partial four-way stringer pallet Notched stinger pallets.
Post pallet Fitted pallet with posts or blocks between the deck or underneath top deck.
Racked across deckboards Deflection of pallet where rack frame supports only at the ends of the deckboards
Racked across stringers Deflection of pallet where rack frame supports only at the ends of the stringers or boards
Recycled Pallets A pallet that is reused, or salvaged, repaired.
Rental pallet Pallet that is owned by a third party not the actual owner of the pallet.
Repair Repair pallet for use again.
Returnable/reusable pallet Pallet used for more than one use.
Reversible pallet The top and the bottom of pallet are identical.
Shipping pallet This pallet is used for one shipment.
Shook Pallet parts cut to size that can be assembled into a pallet.
Shook grade Quality of pallet parts relating to the performance of the pallet based on size and defects.
Single-wing pallet Pallet with the top deckboards extending beyond the edges of the stringers or boards and bottom deckboards flush.
Skid No bottom deck on pallet.
Slave pallet Pallet, platform or single, thick panel used as a support base for a palletized load in rack-storage facilities or production systems
Soft nail Pallet nail with an angle equal to or greater than 47 degrees
Softwood One-time use and often trashed after the first trip. Made from coniferous or needle-bearing trees
Solid deck pallet No spacing between deckboards
Span Distant between stinger or block.
Stevedore pallet Seaport shipping pallet, heavy duty, or double wing construction.
Stiff-stock steel nail Nail made of medium-high carbon steel no heat treatment angle between 29 and 46 degrees
Strap slot Recess or cutout on the upper edge of the stringer. Allow tie-down of a unit load to the pallet deck with strapping/banding.
Stringer Continuous, longitudinal, solid or notched beam-component of the pallet used to support deck components. Outside or center. stringer
Stringer board Block pallets, continuous, solid board member extending for the full length of the pallet perpendicular to deckboard members and placed between deckboards and blocks
Take-it-or-leave-it pallet Pallet fitted with fixed cleats on the top deckboards to permit fork truck tines to pass beneath the unit load and remove it from the pallet
Top cap Panel placed on top of a unit load to allow for tight strapping not damaging the product.
Top-deck of the pallet Deckboard assembly with an upper load carrying surface pallet
Trip Handling of a pallet.
Two-way entry pallet Unnotched solid stingers allowing only one end entry from the ends
Unit load Product or assembled goods on a pallet for moving, storage, and stacking.
Warehouse pallet Multiple trip pallets for warehouse use.
Wing Deckboard end overhang from outside edge of stringer or board

AMC Consolidated provides onsite heat-treating pallets for international shipments, Peco Pallets, purchase older pallets, and pallet production. We have the knowledge and expertise to meet your product shipping needs. We can assist with your questions regarding your pallet. Please contact us for your order today.